November 19, 2018 | Next City
By Alan Mallach
Author Alan Mallach analyzes the challenges of changing demographics, aging housing stock and increased income inequality in America’s legacy cities, particularly for African-American neighborhoods in those cities.
The dramatic rise of American industry in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries drew millions of workers into U.S. cities, triggering the expansion of the nation’s urban middle and industrial working classes. Across the country, “middle neighborhoods” sprang up to house these middle-income households: blocks of single-family homes connected by busy arterial streets, with businesses, houses of worship, public schools, and distinct ethnic or racial identities that sustained a social fabric paralleling their physical form.